Algae Biorefinery and Micro Farming Table of Contents
The World is Ready for a Solution
State of oil world reserves.
Agricultural Land Availability Issues
Global Warming Issues
Potential Depletion of Fisheries
Why is Now the Time to Pursue Algae Biorefinery?
Changes in Nature:
Changes in Technology:
Algae’s Competitive Advantages:
Chapter Two: The Basics of Micro Algae Farming and Biorefineries
A SWOT Analysis of Biorefineries
What is a “Biorefinery?”
Understanding the Biorefinery concept.
An Algae Microfarm Case Study
A Biofuels Case Study
A Developing World Case Study
A Village Scale Case Study
A Government Scale Case study
Chapter Three: Potential Challenges With Micro Algae Farms
Algae Biofuels Legal Aspects
When the technology belongs to you and give you a business advantage
Algae Biofuels Intellectual Property (IP) Issues
Legal Rights Pertaining To Algae Biofuels
Possession of the Patent.
Possible Issues with Independent Contractors.
When the technology belongs to you and you wish to sell or license it’s use.
Issues Involving Water, Light, and Land
Easy access to Sun Light
Land Ownership and Usage
Lender Safety Terms
Entry and Interference by the Owner
Assignment and Subletting
Chapter 4: How To Finance Your Project
Some different types of financing
Various kinds of Investors
Locating Equity Resources
Tax Incentives as well as other Tax Considerations
Government Grants and Incentives
Other Programs Available
Algae Biofuel Grants
Chapter Five: Planning
Types of Biorefineries
Designing your Bio-refinery
Building a Bio-refinery
Site requirements for algal biorefinery
Preferred Geographic Regions for Algae Production
Co Location with Advantageous Partners
Integration with Water Treatment Facilities
Wastewater Treatment and Recycling Uses
Necessary Algal Characteristics
Commercial Culture Labs and Collections
Co location with CO2 emitting Sources
Disadvantages to Co-Location with Stationary Industrial CO2 Sources
Realistic Costs Associated with Biorefineries
Algae production Costs and Uncertainties
Chapter six: Algae Products and Co-Products
Commercial Products from Microalgae and Cyanobacteria
Algae Based Biofuels
Biogas or Biomethane
Challenges to Algae to Biofuel Commercialization.
Feed stock Challenges.
Distribution and Utilization
Resources and Siting.
Algae-based products for human consumption
Algae as a Staple food
Algae and the Food Industry
Health foods and pharmaceuticals
The use of micro algae in aquaculture.
Shrimp or Prawn
Animal Feed Additive:
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA)
Pharmaceutical Uses of Algae
Antibiotics and Anticancer agents
Human Proinsulin used in the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
Applications of Algae Fertilizers
Other Specialty Products
Types of Algal Bio-plastics
Commercial Products from Macroalgae
Other macroalgal foods.
Chapter Seven: Co-Product Recovery
Potential Options for the Recovery of Co-products
Maximum Energy Recovery from the Lipid-Extracted Biomass,
Recovery of Protein for Use in Food and Feed
Technically feasible algal bioenergy co-production concepts
Economic viability of bioenergy co-production from algae
Chapter Seven: Biorefinery Production
Proof of Concept Introduction
Pilot Scale Introduction:
Production Scale Introduction:
Proof of Concept:
Obtaining the algae strain you’re interested in.
Commercial Algae Strains
Small scale harvesting
Photobioreactors (PBR) and Bioreactors
Filtration and Screening Devices
Rotary vacuum filter
Imperforate basket centrifuge
Flocculation or sedimentation
Flocculation and Dissolved Air Flotation
Other Harvesting Techniques
Summary of harvesting methods
Oil Extraction Technologies
Mechanical Disruption (i.e., Cell Rupture)
Supercritical Fluid Extraction
Sonication and/or Ultrasound
Organic and/or Chemical Co-solvent Mixtures
Subcritical Water Extraction
Challenges Associated with Production Scale
The problem with yield extrapolation
Hydrocracking algae biofuels
The Ideal Algae for Biofuels
Chapter Eight: Resources, Equipment and Vendors:
Buying the algae strain you’re interested in.
In North America
Algae Biofuels Contractors and Equipment Vendors
Pond Liners and pond equipment
Acrylic tubing for bioreactors
Plastic Tanks for PBRS
Plastic (PVC) pipe fittings
Steel mesh filter cloth
Anping County Resen Screen Co., Ltd.
Oil presses and extruders
Chapter 10: Marketing
Marketing Algae Based Products.
Marketing to Corporations:
Marketing to Consumers
Marketing Challenges of Algae Directly to Consumers
Algae, Junk food, and Beer
Algae based Junk Food (except it isn’t)
Algae based beer
Or create your own product
Bringing a Food Product to Market:
Developing and Marketing an Algae Cosmetic Product
Chapter 11: Case Studies
Algae Floating Systems, Inc.
Alpha To Omega Holdings
Algenol Biofuels Inc.
Solix BioSystems, Inc.
Synthetic Genomics Inc
Dao Energy, LLC
Live Fuels, Inc.
Pond Biofuels, Inc.
Bioprocess Algae, LLC
Algae Based Biofuels: Applications and Co Products (117 pages
Algae Biofuels Roadmap: (140 pages)
New Developments in Micro Algae Farming for Food and Biofuels (44 pages)
Algae Biodiesel: A Feasibility Report (43 pages)
Design and Analysis of "' Microalgal Open Pond Systems for the Purpose of Producing Fuels A Subcontractors Report (231 pages)
A Realistic Technology and Engineering Assessment of Algae Biofuel production (178 pages)
Microalgae as a Source of Liquid Biofuels:-(229 pages)
Renewable Diesel from Algal Lipids: An Integrated Baseline for Cost, Emissions, and Resource Potential (89 pages)
Genetic Engineering of Algae for Biofuel Production (44 pages)
Production of Gasoline and Diesel from algae Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking (76 pages)